Discusses laws that designate the groups of professionals that are required to report cases of suspected child abuse and neglect reporting by other persons, the responsibilities of institutions in making reports, standards for making a report, and confidentiality of the reporter's identity also are discussed.
Discusses laws that impose penalties, in the form of either fines or jail time or both, on mandatory reporters who fail to report cases of suspected child abuse and neglect as required by the reporting laws. Call the childhelp national child abuse hotline at 1-800-4-a-child (1-800-422-4453) if you suspect abuse, are a child abuse victim, or are a parent who needs help the hotline is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and operates in the united states, its territories, and canada.
Find information about crimes involving children including abductions, abuse, and neglect report suspected child abuse if an abusive event is in progress or you know or suspect someone abused, neglected, or exploited a child, call 911 if your child has been abducted and taken outside of the united states already.
Publications and resources related to state and federal civil laws on child abuse and neglect, child welfare, and adoption federal laws provide standards and guidelines however, these issues are primarily governed by state laws and regulations in the united states. Child sexual abuse has been recognized specifically as a type of child maltreatment in us federal law since the initial congressional hearings on child abuse in 1973 child sexual abuse is illegal in every state, as well as under federal law. Child pornography child pornography is a form of child sexual exploitation federal law defines child pornography as any visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct involving a minor (persons less than 18 years old) images of child pornography are also referred to as child sexual abuse images. Incidences of child abuse and neglect have a profound effect on the lives of many children across the united states therefore, all states have set in place variations of mandatory reporting laws in order to decrease and prevent these incidents from occurring these laws help ensure that cases of child abuse are reported to the proper authorities.
In addition, section 2251a of title 18, united states code, specifically prohibits any parent, legal guardian or other person in custody or control of a minor under the age of 18, to buy, sell, or transfer custody of that minor for purposes of producing child pornography. Sexual child abuse is a type of maltreatment, violation, and exploitation that refers to the involvement of the child in sexual activity to provide sexual gratification or financial benefit to the perpetrator.
In 1962, united states doctors c henry kempe and brandt steele published the battered child syndrome, which helped doctors identify child abuse, its effects, and the need to report serious physical abuse to legal authorities.